^Forces in circular motion
When seen from inertial frame two types of forces act is a circular motion, one that changes speed & the other that changes direction.
A force that acts tangential of velocity changes the speed only, called tangential force. Its
magnitude is given by
A force acting normal to velocity towards turning centre, along the radius & changes direction is called centripetal force or radial force.
It is not a different type of force. It is actually the resultant of the forces acting on a system & directed towards the center of the circle. For planet revolving around sun gravitational force is centripetal. For a string whirled in a horizontal circle tension in the string is centripetal force. For oscillating pendulum resultant of tension in the string & normal component of weight is centripetal.
The electrostatic force of attraction between electrons & nucleus changes the direction of electrons revolving around the nucleus thus we can write
FCP = Felctrostatic
Gravitational force of attraction between the moon & the earth changes the direction of moon thus we can
write, FCP = Fgravitational
Magnitude of centripetal force on a mass moving with velocity v in a circular path of radius r at constant speed (i.e. uniform circular motion) is